Resource Optimization Initiative
About Industrial Ecology
Diagnostic Tools
System View
Material Flow Analysis or Resource Flow Analysis (MFA or RFA)
Why the Name "Industrial Ecology"
A Short History of Industrial Ecology
Resource Utilization Map
The Kalundborg Example
Substance Flow Analysis
The Industrial Ecology Agenda
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Why Developing Countries
A Few Typical Strategy Options
How can these Concepts be used?
Who can benefit from Industrial Ecology
  Substance Flow Analysis


As the name suggests, this study typically tracks the flow of a specific substance through a defined socio-economic system in an attempt to quantify the flow of this substances. For example, a case study in Cape Town, South Africa demonstrated varying concentrations of in-use copper stocks throughout the city. Mapping these concentrations enabled analysis of differences in copper use among neighbourhoods to show how wealth and class affects copper stocks and flows. As a result, the study revealed that policies aimed at reusing copper in Cape Town should be aimed at poorer residential and industrial areas given the high concentration of copper in these areas.

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