Resource Optimization Initiative
About Industrial Ecology
Diagnostic Tools
System View
Material Flow Analysis or Resource Flow Analysis (MFA or RFA)
Why the Name "Industrial Ecology"
A Short History of Industrial Ecology
Resource Utilization Map
The Kalundborg Example
Substance Flow Analysis
The Industrial Ecology Agenda
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Why Developing Countries
A Few Typical Strategy Options
How can these Concepts be used?
Who can benefit from Industrial Ecology
  Resource Utilization Map


Once a specific resource has been identified as critical, considerably greater information is needed on the way it is used, before recommending or implementing strategies for its sustainable management. For this purpose, a Resource Utilization Map (RUM) is necessary (see Figure below). Quantitative data in an RUM are essential for taking any relevant action to optimize the use of a resource; particularly, to plan for the optimal use of scarce resources—be it energy, water, land or forest. The “resource” in an RUM is as defined by the user—it can be a material such as coal, or a service provided by a facility or even time.

For example, an RUM was prepared for water in the Indian city of Bangalore by the Resource Optimization Initiative (ROI) (see Figure below). This RUM highlights the large amount of un-accounted for water per day. This un-accounted for water includes water that leaks through pipes and stolen water that is not metered or paid for. This investigation also highlights the large amount of electricity that is used to pump water to the city by the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB). Bangalore is at a considerable height (500 m) above its main surface water source, requiring approximately 5% of the entire municipal electricity demand for pumping, treating, and distributing water.

Resource Utilization Map - Bangalore

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