Resource Optimization Initiative
About Industrial Ecology
Diagnostic Tools
System View
Material Flow Analysis or Resource Flow Analysis (MFA or RFA)
Why the Name "Industrial Ecology"
A Short History of Industrial Ecology
Resource Utilization Map
The Kalundborg Example
Substance Flow Analysis
The Industrial Ecology Agenda
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Why Developing Countries
A Few Typical Strategy Options
How can these Concepts be used?
Who can benefit from Industrial Ecology
  The Industrial Ecology Agenda


The principal objective of Industrial Ecology is to reorganize the industrial system (including all aspects of human activity) so that it evolves towards a mode of operation that is compatible with the biosphere and is sustainable over the long-term. Industrial Ecology, also known as the science of sustainability, is the discipline that measures and recommends ways to manage resources in a sustainable manner. The strategy for implementing the concepts of Industrial Ecology is often referred to as eco-restructuring and can be described in terms of four main elements:

•  Optimizing the use of resources
•  Closing material loops and minimizing emissions
•  Dematerializing activities
•  Reducing and eliminating the dependence on non-renewable sources of energy

About Industrial Ecology | Case Studies | Specialists | Books